Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection of the intestinal tract and occasionally the bloodstream. It is an uncommon disease with only a handful of cases occurring in New York each year. Most of the cases are acquired during foreign travel to underdeveloped countries. Typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella Typhi (S. Typhi), a strain of bacteria that lives only in humans.
Early symptoms include fever, general ill-feeling, and abdominal pain. A high (typically over 103 degrees Fahrenheit) fever and severe diarrhea occur as the disease gets worse.
Some people with typhoid fever develop a rash called “rose spots,” which are small red spots on the abdomen and chest.
Other symptoms that occur include:
- Abdominal tenderness
- Bloody stools
- Difficulty paying attention (attention deficit)
- Fluctuating mood
- Severe fatigue
- Slow, sluggish, lethargic feeling
Typhoid Fever Prevention
There are two main ways to prevent typhoid fever:
Vaccine-A typhoid vaccine is recommended if you are planning to visit a country where typhoid fever is prevalent. However, the vaccine is not always effective and careful food monitoring is just as important.
Careful food monitoring-When you are in an area where typhoid fever is prevalent, always take the following precautions:
- Drink only bottled water or water that has been boiled for at least one minute. This includes ice.
- Eat foods while they are still hot, and ensure that they are thoroughly cooked.
- Avoid any raw fruits and vegetables that cannot be peeled.
- Avoid raw shellfish.
- Avoid unpasteurized dairy products.
Typhoid Fever information In Urdu Symptoms and Prevention